Golden Staph (Staphylococcus Aureus)

This bacteria is commonly carried on the skin or in the nose of healthy people. Around 20% of the human population carry the bacteria in their noses, in these cases the bacteria is present but does not cause infection. The arm pits, groin and under skin folds are other places Golden Staph is known to inhabit. In most situations, Golden Staph is harmless. If it enters the body, however, through a cut in the skin, it can cause a range of mild to severe infections, which may lead to death in some cases.

Golden Staph can be spread by skin-on-skin contact, or by touching contaminated surfaces. Poor hygiene and not covering open wounds can lead to Golden Staph infections.

Illnesses caused by Golden Staph

Minor skin infections: Pimples, Boils, Impetigo, Cellulitis, Folliculitis, Carbuncles, Scalded Skin Syndrome and Abscesses.
To life-threatening diseases such as: Pheumonia, Meningitis, Toxic Shock Syndrome, Chest Pain, Osteomyelitis, Endocarditis, Bacteremia, and Sepsis.

Golden Staph is easily spread by contaminated hands, so strict hygiene practices are essential.

E Coli (Escherichia Coli)

This bacteria is commonly found living in your intestines. Most types of E Coli are harmless. However, some types can make you sick, causing serious food poisoning. Food poisoning caused by E Coli infections is usually caused by eating unwashed vegetables or undercooked meat.

More severe strains of this bacteria can affect children and adults with weaken immune systems, causing kidney failure which could lead to death.

E Coli’s ability to survive outside the body enables laboratories to test environment samples for faecal contamination.

Other illnesses caused by E Coli

Gastrointestinal Infection, Urinary Tract Infection, Bacteremia, and Meningitis.


This bacteria can be transmitted by humans and animals. It can be found in soil, faeces, raw meats, and raw eggs.

Symptoms of Salmonella Infection include

Vomiting, Fever, Nausea, Abdominal Cramps, Diarrhoea, and Headaches.

Illnesses caused by Salmonella (in more serious cases)

Typhoid Fever, which can then lead to Meningitis and Phneumonia
People at risk of more serious complications from a Salmonella Infection include those who:
* Have weakened immune systems
* Take chronic stomach acid suppression medication
* Take cancer fighting drugs
* Have Sickle Cell Disease or an absent non-functioning spleen

Symptoms of most Salmonella Infections usually appear within 3 days of contamination.

Faecal matter is often the source of Salmonella contamination, so hand washing is a powerful way to guard against Salmonella Infections, particularly after trips to the bathroom, and before handling food in any way.

Salmonella can also spread through cross-contamination, so when preparing meals, keep uncooked meats away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods.